Sabine Rutar

Sabine Rutar, (c) reworkDr. Sabine Rutar
(Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung, Regensburg)


Labor and Economies at the Frontier: Shipbuilding and port industries in the northern Adriatic during the Cold War

Sabine Rutar examines the port and shipbuilding industries in Trieste, Monfalcone, Koper and Rijeka during the Cold War. Her study is a comparative microhistory that offers insights into the transformation processes within the societies of Italy and Yugoslavia after 1945 at their respective peripheries. Its methodology places democracy and dictatorship as well as markets and state planning in relation to one another, focusing on labor and economic relationships in two globally active industries. Long after the end of the Second World War, the Italian-Yugoslav frontier region remained disputed and was characterized by two powerful yet incompatible Communist ideologies: Yugoslav Titoism on the one hand and Italian Communism, which remained aligned with Stalin. The four economic hubs examined lie only a few kilometers apart; straddling a Cold War border that was charged with conflict yet rapidly became one of the most open borders between the systems. The study will compare state socialist and liberal capitalist forms of economic management during the reconstruction years after the war, during the economic miracle years, the economic crisis of the 1970s and the bipolar world order’s final decade. The Italian-Yugoslav border region is one of the most complex in modern European history and could provide inspiration in some respects for Cold War historiography. This study seeks to contribute to a more strongly established social and cultural history of the Cold War that is comparative, transnational and inclusive.     

Dr. Sabine Rutar is a research fellow at the Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung in Regensburg. She is the publisher and executive editor of the multidisciplinary social sciences journal Südosteuropa. Journal of Politics and Society. She was a Feodor Lynen fellow at Univerza na Primorskem in Koper, Slovenia (2007/08), fellow at the Imre Kertész Kolleg in Jena (2012/13), at the Zentrum für Zeithistorische Forschung Potsdam (2011-2014) and at the International Research Center "Work and Human Lifecycle in Global History" at Humboldt University in Berlin (2014/15). She researches European history from the 19th to the 21st century with a focus on the history of work, nationalism, Nazism, Communism, borders, wars, memorial policy and sociocultural memory. Her recent publications include "Epistemologische Grenzen und europäische Zeitgeschichte am Beispiel der nordöstlichen Adriaregion" in Europa Regional (2015); "Nationalism in Southeast Europe since 1970" in the Oxford Handbook of the History of Nationalism (ed. John Breuilly, 2013); she edited an issue of the European History Quarterly on "Violence in Late Socialist Public Spheres" (2015) and Beyond the Balkans. Towards an Inclusive History of Southeastern Europe (Vienna et al: Lit, 2014). She earned her doctorate in 2001 at the European University Institute in Florence with a dissertation on the Social Democratic cultural movement in Habsburg-era Trieste (Kultur – Nation – Milieu. Sozialdemokratie in Triest vor dem Ersten Weltkrieg, Essen: Klartext, 2004).

Dr. Rutar was a research fellow at the Berlin Center for Cold War Studies in 2016/17.

Berlin Center for Cold War Studies
Brown Bag Breakfast # 8 | Projektvorstellung am Berliner Kolleg Kalter Krieg | 10/18/2016 (in German)

News and Events
Presentation | Massengewalt östlich von Triest. Vom Grenzlandfaschismus zum Kalten Krieg (1920 - 1955) | Conference: Massengewalt in Südosteuropa. Vom 20. Jahrhundert bis in die Gegenwart, Potsdam | 7/1/2017 (in German)

Chair | Panel III: South East Europe and the World. How Encounters and Exchanges Shaped Cold War Realities | Conference: From Below and Inbetween. Narrating and Practicing the Cold War in South East Europe, Berlin | 6/2/2017

Project Presentation | Arbeiten und Wirtschaften an der Grenze des Kalten Krieges, Berlin | 2/13/2017 (in German)

Project Presentation | Arbeitsbeziehungen in nordadriatischen Häfen und Werften nach 1945, Frankfurt (Oder) | 12/1/2016 (in German)


Chapter| Betriebliche Selbstverwaltung zwischen den Blöcken - und danach? Das jugoslawische Modell in Rückschau und Perspektive, in Heike Karge, Ulf Brunnbauer, Claudia Weber (Hg.), Erfahrungs- und Handlungsräume. Gesellschaftlicher Wandel in Südosteuropa seit dem 19. Jahrhundert zwischen dem Lokalen und Globalen (München 2017) (in German)

Review | Sabine Rutar on Unkovski-Korica, Vladimir, The Economic Struggle for Power in Tito's Yugoslavia. From World War II to Non-Alignment, H-Soz-Kult | 9/20/2017 (in German)

Blog Post | Verschwörungen und die Fabrikation von Wahrheit: "Houston, wir haben ein Problem!" (Regie: Žiga Virc, Slowenien, Kroatien, Deutschland, Tschechien, Katar, 2016), Erinnerungskulturen | 2/23/2017 (in German)